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Academics. Raleigh is the state's capital and Charlotte is its largest city. [56], Elevation above sea level is most responsible for temperature change across the state, with the mountain area being coolest year-round. North Carolina has five professional opera companies: Opera Carolina in Charlotte, NC Opera in Raleigh, Greensboro Opera in Greensboro, Piedmont Opera in Winston-Salem, and Asheville Lyric Opera in Asheville. Asheville boasts the largest number of breweries per capita of any city in the United States. Although the British troops held the field at the end of the battle, their casualties at the hands of the numerically superior Continental Army were crippling. Golf is a popular summertime leisure activity, and North Carolina has hosted several important professional golf tournaments. Another USS North Carolina, a nuclear attack submarine, was commissioned in Wilmington on May 3, 2008.[136]. The United States Census Bureau places North Carolina in the South Atlantic division of the southern region.[49]. The smaller settlements had none but developed close to the more prominent towns. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in North Carolina Mountains, North Carolina on Tripadvisor: See 202,345 traveller reviews and photos of North Carolina Mountains tourist attractions. Prior to this time people fenced in their crops and had their livestock feeding on the free range areas. The Wilmington Star-News, established 1867, is the oldest continuously running newspaper. [62][63] In September 2019 Hurricane Dorian hit the area. Charlotte also hosts the NASCAR Hall of Fame, while Concord is the home of several top-flight racing teams, including Hendrick Motorsports, Roush Fenway Racing, Richard Petty Motorsports, Stewart-Haas Racing, and Chip Ganassi Racing. In the 1990s, Democrat Bill Clinton came within a point of winning the state in 1992 and also only narrowly lost the state in 1996. The Charlotte metropolitan area, with an estimated population of 2,569,213 in 2018, is the most-populous metropolitan area in North Carolina, the 23rd-most populous in the United States, and the largest banking center in the nation after New York City. Most of the English colonists had arrived as indentured servants, hiring themselves out as laborers for a fixed period to pay for their passage. (2006). Metal and punk acts such as Corrosion of Conformity, Between the Buried and Me, and Nightmare Sonata are native to North Carolina. The Panthers and Hurricanes are the only two major professional sports teams that have the same geographical designation while playing in different metropolitan areas. Our open thread is live. As of January 1, 2020, there were approximately 240 North Carolina newspapers in publication in the state of North Carolina.[118]. Thirty confirmed tornadoes touched down, mainly in the Eastern Piedmont and Sandhills, killing at least 24 people. The scenic Blue Ridge Parkway and Great Smoky Mountains National Park are the two most visited national park and unit in the United States with more than 25 million visitors in 2013. Academic conservatories and universities also produce fully staged operas, such as the A. J. Fletcher Opera Institute of the University of North Carolina School of the Arts in Winston-Salem, the Department of Music of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and UNC Greensboro. North Carolina (/ˌkærəˈlaɪnə/ (listen)) is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States. By 2008, demographic shifts, population growth, and increased liberalization in densely populated areas such as the Research Triangle, Charlotte, Greensboro, Winston-Salem, Fayetteville, and Asheville, propelled Barack Obama to victory in North Carolina, the first Democrat to win the state since 1976. The most famous of these is the Queen Anne's Revenge (flagship of the pirate Blackbeard), which went aground in Beaufort Inlet in 1718.[50]. North Carolina has traditions in art, music, and cuisine. After the grounding her crew and supplies were transferred to smaller ships. In the Conover–Hickory area, Hickory Motor Speedway, RockBarn Golf and Spa, home of the Greater Hickory Classic at Rock Barn; Catawba County Firefighters Museum, and SALT Block attract many tourists to Conover. Though the Fifteenth Amendment was also adopted that same year, it remained in most cases ineffective for almost a century, not to mention paramilitary groups and their lynching with impunity. While North Carolina's urban areas have enjoyed a prosperous economy with steady job growth, low unemployment, and rising wages, many of the state's rural counties have suffered from job loss, rising levels of poverty, and population loss as their manufacturing base has declined. A regional soft drink, Cheerwine, was created and is still based in the city of Salisbury. [106] The state was sued for racially gerrymandering the districts, which resulted in minority voting power being diluted in some areas, resulting in skewed representation. In the 2014 mid-term elections, Republican David Rouzer won the state's seventh congressional district seat, increasing the congressional delegation party split to 10–3 in favor of the GOP. Science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) industries in the area surrounding North Carolina's capital have grown 17.9 percent since 2001, placing Raleigh-Cary at No. [119] College basketball is very popular in North Carolina, buoyed by the Tobacco Road rivalries between ACC members North Carolina, Duke, North Carolina State, and Wake Forest. Presbyterians, historically Scots-Irish, have had a strong presence in Charlotte and in Scotland County. The Carolina Hurricanes NHL hockey team is also located in the city. Charlotte has the largest population in the state, while Raleigh has the highest population density of North Carolina's largest cities. Currently, the rapid influx of northerners and immigrants from Latin America, is steadily increasing ethnic and religious diversity. North Carolina is the leading U.S. state in production of flue-cured tobacco and sweet potatoes, and comes second in the farming of pigs and hogs, trout, and turkeys. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in November. [33] Many free people of color migrated to the frontier, along with their European-American neighbors, where the social system was looser. According to the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, in 2014, males in North Carolina lived an average of 75.4 years compared to the national average of 76.7 years. [34], Planters owning large estates wielded significant political and socio-economic power in antebellum North Carolina. It ranked forty-first out of fifty states plus the District of Columbia for median household income. Life expectancy for both sexes in the state was 78.0 years, compared to 78.7 years for the U.S. as a whole. In 1835, the legislature withdrew their right to vote. The state mainly continued with an economy based on tobacco, cotton textiles and commodity agriculture. After the ending of the free range people now fenced their animals and had their crops in the open. Religious Data, Demographics and Statistics—Pew Research Center", "The Evolution of the Negro Baptist Church", "Religiously-Affiliated North Carolina Colleges", Census: Wake County Is Now North Carolina's Largest County, "Biggest US Cities By Population—North Carolina 2018 Populations", "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas Population Totals: 2010–2018", "Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the federal state of North Carolina from 1997 to 2018 (in billion U.S. dollars)", "U.S. Population in Poverty Percentage State Rank Based on ACS 2010–2014 data", "Crop Profile for Tobacco in North Carolina", "Local & North Carolina state news from Raleigh, NC—", "North Carolina: Life Expectancy, Download: "2020 North Carolina Data, Additional Measure Data, "NC Department of Transportation Article: North Carolina's Future Rides on Us", World's busiest airports by passenger traffic#2013 statistics, "The Supreme Court Has Never Struck Down a Partisan Voter Map. (1989). Lefler, Hugh (numerous editions since 1934). [113] More than 200 years later, the University of North Carolina system encompasses 17 public universities including North Carolina State University, North Carolina A&T State University, North Carolina Central University, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, East Carolina University, Western Carolina University, Winston-Salem State University, the University of North Carolina at Asheville, the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, the University of North Carolina at Pembroke, UNC Wilmington, Elizabeth City State University, Appalachian State University, Fayetteville State University, and UNC School of the Arts, and . Virginia Dare, the first English child to be born in North America, was born on Roanoke Island on August 18, 1587; Dare County is named for her. MerleFest in Wilkesboro attracts more than 80,000 people to its four-day music festival; and Wet 'n Wild Emerald Pointe water park in Greensboro is another attraction. In 2009, the board's chairman also became the "chief executive officer" for the state's school system. Tornadoes from thunderstorms are a risk, especially in the eastern part of the state. [59][60], North Carolina averages fewer than 20 tornadoes per year, many of them produced by hurricanes or tropical storms along the coastal plain. Today it is the second-largest tobacco company in the U.S. (behind Altria Group). [79][80][81] Black Baptists developed their own state and national associations, such as the National Baptist Convention USA, Inc..[80], While Baptists have maintained the majority Protestant denomination in this part of the country (known as the Bible Belt), a wide variety of faiths are practiced by other residents in the state, including: Judaism, Islam, Baháʼí, Buddhism, and Hinduism. In 1860 one-third of the population was enslaved. The Democrats regained control of the legislature in 1896 and passed laws to impose Jim Crow and racial segregation of public facilities. The state maintains a group of protected areas known as the North Carolina State Park System, which is managed by the North Carolina Division of Parks & Recreation (NCDPR), an agency of the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR). [93] In 2011, the civilian labor force was at around 4.5 million with employment near 4.1 million. [16] According to the historian Russell Thornton, "The 1738 epidemic was said to have killed one-half of the Cherokee, with other tribes of the area suffering equally. However, the population of the state's urban areas is steadily increasing. After a decade of white supremacy, many people forgot North Carolina had ever had thriving middle-class black Americans. [94][96][97], North Carolina has 15 metropolitan areas,[98] and in 2010 was chosen as the third-best state for business by Forbes Magazine, and the second-best state by Chief Executive Officer Magazine. Numerous other tracks around North Carolina host races from low-tier NASCAR circuits as well. College sports are also popular in North Carolina, with 18 schools competing at the Division I level. [89]. [106] The undecided election in North Carolina's 9th congressional district was because the bipartisan State Election Board refused in February 2019 to certify the results, after an investigation found evidence of widespread ballot fraud committed by Republican operatives. North Carolina is also home to many well-known private colleges and universities, including Duke University,[116] Wake Forest University,[117] Pfeiffer University, Lees-McRae College, Davidson College, Barton College, North Carolina Wesleyan College, Elon University, Guilford College, Livingstone College, Salem College, Shaw University (the first historically black college or university in the South), Laurel University, William Peace University, Meredith College, Methodist University, Belmont Abbey College (the only Catholic college in the Carolinas), Campbell University, University of Mount Olive, Montreat College, High Point University, Lenoir-Rhyne University (the only Lutheran university in North Carolina) and Wingate University. This was a smaller proportion than in many other Southern states. Duren, Carolyn & Khawaja, Armughan. (North Carolina Maritime History Council). North Carolina was inhabited for at least ten thousand years by succeeding prehistoric indigenous cultures. After secession, some North Carolinians refused to support the Confederacy. After World War II, the state's economy grew rapidly, highlighted by the growth of such cities as Charlotte, Raleigh, and Durham in the Piedmont region. Democrats Jimmy Carter and Barack Obama won in 1976 and 2008, respectively. [85], North Carolina has three major Combined Statistical Areas with populations of more than 1.6 million (U.S. Census Bureau 2018 estimates):[87], North Carolina's 2018 total gross state product was $496 billion. These consist of the Council of State (led by the Governor), the bicameral legislature (called the General Assembly), and the state court system (headed by the North Carolina Supreme Court). Among the subranges of the Appalachian Mountains located in the state are the Great Smoky Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, and Black Mountains. 31–35. [84], In 2018, the U.S. Census Bureau released 2018 population estimate counts for North Carolina's cities with populations above 70,000. The North Carolina Superintendent of Public Instruction is the secretary of the North Carolina State Board of Education, but the board, rather than the superintendent, holds most of the legal authority for making public education policy. [citation needed] In 2010, North Carolina's total gross state product was $424.9 billion,[91] while the state debt in November 2012, according to one source, totalled $2.4 billion,[92] while according to another, was in 2012 $57.8 billion. North Carolina is defined by a wide range of elevations and landscapes. The new Province of Carolina was named in honor and memory of his father, Charles I (Latin: Carolus). Wiki Article Historical Demography of the United States. The Hardaway Site saw major periods of occupation dating to 10,000 years BP. The second largest was the United Methodist Church, with 660,000 members and 1,923 churches. UNC Charlotte, North Carolina's urban research university, fuels American innovation in everything from resilient and sustainable architecture and environmental systems, epidemiological modeling and sustainable energy, shaping the future of work for greater Charlotte and beyond. Get the latest news and information for the North Carolina Tar Heels. The Patriots' victory there guaranteed American independence. In 1896 a biracial, Populist-Republican Fusionist coalition gained the governor's office and passed laws that would extend the voting franchise to blacks and poor whites. North Carolina's party loyalties have undergone a series of important shifts in the last few years: While the 2010 midterms saw Tar Heel voters elect a bicameral Republican majority legislature for the first time in more than a century, North Carolina has also become a Southern swing state in presidential races. Hide Main Navigation Menu Featured. [52][53] The Black Mountains are the highest in the eastern United States, and culminate in Mount Mitchell at 6,684 feet (2,037 m), the highest point east of the Mississippi River. [42] Elected in 1862, Governor Zebulon Baird Vance tried to maintain state autonomy against Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Richmond. Several U.S. House of Representatives seats flipped control in 2012, with the Republicans holding nine seats to the Democrats' four. Because the mothers were free, their children were born free. [23] The population of the colony more than quadrupled from 52,000 in 1740 to 270,000 in 1780 from high immigration from Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania plus immigrants from abroad.[24]. The economy's growth and prosperity was based on slave labor, devoted primarily to the production of tobacco. Following the collapse of the Confederacy in 1865, North Carolina, along with the rest of the former Confederate States, was put under direct control by the U.S. military and was relieved of its constitutional government and representation within the United States Congress in what is now referred to as the Reconstruction era. In mid-century, the state's rural and commercial areas were connected by the construction of a 129 mi (208 km) wooden plank road, known as a "farmer's railroad", from Fayetteville in the east to Bethania (northwest of Winston-Salem).[20]. 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Major winter storm slams eastern US as power outages persist in Texas, southern states. The latter became a crown colony in 1729. Service industries, including education, health care, private research, and retail trade, are also important. bridge? Around 125,000 troops from North Carolina served in the Confederate Army, and about 15,000 North Carolina troops served in Union Army regiments, with many other men leaving the state to join Union regiments elsewhere. (1997) "A General History of Blackbeard the Pirate, the Queen Anne's Revenge and the Adventure". Also, see the North Carolina Music Hall of Fame. [101], Using 2016–2018 data, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation calculated that life expectancy for North Carolina counties, ranging from 73.2 years in Robeson County to 82.1 years in Orange County. Can't-miss spots to dine, drink, and feast. [130][131][132] Other famous musicians from North Carolina include J. Cole, Shirley Caesar, Roberta Flack, Clyde McPhatter, Nnenna Freelon, Warren Haynes, Jimmy Herring, Michael Houser, Eric Church, Future Islands, Randy Travis, Ryan Adams, Ronnie Milsap, Anthony Hamilton, The Avett Brothers and Luke Combs. In 1567, Captain Juan Pardo led an expedition to claim the area for the Spanish colony and to establish another route to reach silver mines in Mexico. Its largest city was Cahokia, which had numerous mounds for different purposes, a highly stratified society, and was located in present-day southwestern Illinois near the Mississippi River. In 1899, the state legislature passed a new constitution, with requirements for poll taxes and literacy tests for voter registration which disenfranchised most black Americans in the state. In 2013, Southern Living named Durham–Chapel Hill the South's "Tastiest City". The state's shipping, commercial fishing, and lumber industries are important to its economy. The largest school systems in North Carolina are the Wake County Public School System, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools, Guilford County Schools, Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools, and Cumberland County Schools. Research Triangle Park, a large industrial complex located in the Raleigh-Durham area, is one of the major centers in the country for electronics and medical research. He settled south of the Chowan River and east of the Great Dismal Swamp in 1655. Convention was the biggest denomination, with 4,241 churches and 1,513,000 members 31 ] Morgan had to. Time out gained many different industry sectors as 1650, settlers from the Virginia colony moved into area! 1954, 1963, 1973 ) nearly year-round, freeze-free… 2020 beginning in 1722 and... Recruited forces universities, North Carolina 's population age five and older spoke a mother language other than.... Year the Appalachian Mountains to the Union on June 25, 1868 was started in Charlotte and! 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