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The Lord often uses poetic words, with layered meanings, to teach us, and I believe that this is true of the words He uses in D&C 89, the Word of Wisdom. It includes instruction about what foods are good for us and those substances to avoid. LDS Quotes on & about Word of Wisdom presented in an easy-to-read format. It includes instruction about what foods are good for us and those substances to avoid. The Word of Wisdom: Hope, Healing, and the Destroying Angel Is an important book for all members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to read because it breaks down the Word of Wisdom into three sections, the Don'ts, the Sometimes and the Dos. Strong drink shall be bitter to them that drink it, Isa. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The, Signs of the Birth and Death of Jesus Christ. 20:1. The Lord has always taught His followers principles of health. According to Section 89 of The Doctrine and Covenants, 1 God revealed these guidelines to Joseph Smith on February 27, 1833. In 1750, personal cleanliness and hygiene were infrequent, haphazard practices, mostly the concern of the wealthy and aristocratic. James Covel and the “Cares of the World”, “I Quit Other Business”: Early Missionaries, Religious Enthusiasm among Early Ohio Converts, “Man Was Also in the Beginning with God”, “Our Hearts Rejoiced to Hear Him Speak”, Mercy Thompson and the Revelation on Marriage, Susa Young Gates and the Vision of the Redemption of the Dead, “The Word of Wisdom,” Revelations in Context (2016), “The Word of Wisdom,” Revelations in Context, Like many other revelations in the early Church, Doctrine and Covenants 89, also known today as the Word of Wisdom, came in response to a problem. By 1800, tobacco was known to cure a long list of ailments: abdominal pain, snake bites, scurvy, piles, “madness,” and dozens of more ills. “That which is of God inviteth and enticeth to do good continually,” the Book of Mormon stated (Moroni 7:13).28 Rather than concerning themselves with cultural overlap, Latter-day Saints can joyously contemplate how God’s Spirit touched so many, so widely, and with such force. In the LDS Church, compliance with the Word of Wisdom is currently a … The prohibitions are binding upon the Saints; the counsel, precisely because it is counsel, is up to each of us as individuals. See Milton V. Backman Jr., “School of the Prophets and School of the Elders,” in Joseph: Exploring the Life and Ministry of the Prophet, ed. The idea soon became a central plank of the American Temperance Society (ATS), organized in Boston in 1826. Herbs, fruits, flesh, and grain are ordained for the use of man and of animals, D&C 89:10–17. Home-brewed beer was a favorite, and after 1700, British-American colonists drank fermented peach juice, hard apple cider, and rum either imported from the West Indies or distilled from molasses made there. Considered as a ‘code of health’ by members of the LDS faith, the Word of Wisdom is the name given to a section of the Doctrine & Covenants which was written by … Clearly, meat is permitted" D&C 89:12. On the night Joseph Smith was visited by the angel Moroni for the first time, in the fall of 1823, the angel quoted a line from the book of Joel and said it was about to be fulfilled: “I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh,” the passage read (Joel 2:28; emphasis added). The Lord has always taught His followers principles of health. Same goes for the church’s two-volume handbook, which stake presidents, bishops and other LDS leaders use to guide their congregations. The Lord revealed to Joseph Smith which types of foods to eat and which to avoid, along with a promise of temporal and spiritual blessings for obeying the Word of Wisdom. For centuries nearly all Americans had consumed large quantities of alcoholic beverages, much like their European counterparts. See Ian R. Tyrrell, Sobering Up: From Temperance to Prohibition in Antebellum America, 1800–1860 (Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1979); James R. Rohrer, “The Origins of the Temperance Movement: A Reinterpretation,” Journal of American Studies, vol. Obedience to the Word of Wisdom brings temporal and spiritual blessings, D&C 89:18–21. The former sermon is unpublished. 6 (May 3, 1824), 70; “From the Times and Advertiser,” Times and Hartford Advertiser, Jan. 3, 1826, 4. See Norbert Elias, The History of Manners, trans. Susan Easton Black and Andrew C. Skinner (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2005), 165–75. The Word of Wisdom in Mormon Scriptures. In the end, some overlap between the Word of Wisdom and the health reform movement of the 19th century is to be expected. Orson Hyde was the main instructor that first term, but Joseph Smith seems to have had a regular presence. They were to … 1981), 881; Rorabaugh, “Alcohol in America,” 17. See Robert H. Abzug, Cosmos Crumbling: American Reform and Religious Imagination (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994), 98. Remember that many early Latter-day Saints who took part in temperance societies viewed the Word of Wisdom as inspired counsel, “adapted to the Capacity of the weak & the weakest of Saints who are or can be called Saints.”23 Moreover, the revelation has no exact analog in the literature of its day. The Word of Wisdom rejected the idea of a substitute for alcohol. In 1812, the Congregational and Presbyterian churches in Connecticut recommended strict licensing laws limiting the distribution of alcohol. 6:10 (Gal. Tobacco came to be known as the “filthy weed,” and words like “disgusting” and “annoying” increasingly became associated with it. By 1833, coffee had entered “largely into the daily consumption of almost every family, rich and poor.” The Baltimore American called it “among the necessaries of life.”18 Although coffee enjoyed wide approval by the mid-1830s, including within the medical community, a few radical reformers such as Sylvester Graham and William A. Alcott preached against the use of any stimulants whatsoever, including coffee and tea.19, The Word of Wisdom rejected the idea of a substitute for alcohol. 5:21). This incubation period gave the Saints time to develop their own tradition of abstinence from habit-forming substances. See Addison Parker, Address Delivered before the Southbridge Temperance Society, on the Evening of Dec. 1, 1830 (Southbridge: Josiah Snow, 1830), 7–8; Fifth Report of the American Temperance Society, Presented at the Meeting in Boston, May 1832 (Boston: Aaron Russell, 1832), 47, 95, 112. If you've followed the Word of Wisdom your whole life, you won't be surprised at any of what the good doctor has to say in this book. Instead of arguing from a position of fear, the Word of Wisdom argues from a position of confidence and trust. Vaping is clearly against the Word of Wisdom.” The topics page on the church’s resource link defines the Word of Wisdom as a pattern for a healthy lifestyle. See Gordon Wood, Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815 (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009), 339; Joseph F. Kett, “Temperance and Intemperance as Historical Problems,” Journal of American History, vol. Frances Trollope, a British novelist, reported disdainfully in 1832 that in all her recent travels in the United States, she hardly ever met a man who was not either a “tobacco chewer or a whisky drinker.”9, Drinking, like tobacco chewing, had clearly gotten out of hand. It has become commonly referred to as the Word of Wisdom. Section 89 of the Doctrine and Covenants is called the ‘ Word of Wisdom ’. " The Word of Wisdom is a law of health for the physical and spiritual benefit of God's children. The guidelines were given "not by commandment or … LDS Quotations is a resource for quotes on Word of Wisdom and 100s of other … In the midst of this cultural shift, at the very moment when everyday people started to concern themselves with their own cleanliness and bodily health, the Word of Wisdom arrived to light the way. The Word of Wisdom is a law of health for the physical and spiritual benefit of God's children. See “Revelation, 27 February 1833 [D&C 89],” in Sidney Gilbert, Notebook, 113; “City Marshall’s Department,” City Gazette and Commercial [Charleston, South Carolina], Apr. Alcohol became viewed more as a dangerous tempter and less as a gift from God. Coffee fell to 10 cents a pound, making a cup of coffee the same price as a cup of whiskey, marking whiskey’s decline. Joseph began inquiring of the Lord about what could be done, and on February 27, scarcely a month after the school started, he received the revelation later canonized as Doctrine and Covenants 89. Today Church members are expected to live this higher standard.17, American temperance reformers succeeded in the 1830s in no small part by identifying a substitute for alcohol: coffee. In some ways, the American health reform movement has faded from view. The term “strong drink” certainly included distilled spirits such as whiskey, which thereafter the Latter-day Saints generally shunned. I will be discussing this principle in greater detail in the next article. 24 (Sept. 1996), 383. The Word of Wisdom contains two kinds of instructions: (1) prohibitions, and (2) counsel. After the Revolution, tea drinking came to be seen as unpatriotic and largely fell out of favor—the way was open for a rival stimulant to emerge. The Puritans called alcohol the “Good Creature of God,” a blessing from heaven to be imbibed in moderation. See “Revelation, 2 January 1831 [D&C 38],” in Revelation Book 1, 51, josephsmithpapers.org. The Word of Wisdom is sometimes heralded by LDS members as a divine straight-forward principle and even as evidence that the LDS Church is true, since the LDS Church is apparently the only organization that has this knowledge and how could Joseph have known these things before modern science proved them true. Latter-day Saints who learn of the American health reform movements of the 1820s and 1830s may wonder how these movements relate to the Word of Wisdom. To the astonishment of observers like Trollope, Americans everywhere—men, women, and children—drank whiskey all day long. Frances Trollope, Domestic Manners of the Americans, 2 vols. For other such arguments, see “Twenty Dollars Reward,” Daily National Intelligencer, Sept. 23, 1823, 4; “Rev. (For more on this and to see the teachings of LDS leaders on the Word of Wisdom, click here. Joseph Smith announced this revelation Feb. 27, 1833. Members should not use any substance that contains illegal drugs. In 1921, the Lord inspired President Heber J. Isaac McCoy,” New Hampshire Repository, vol. We find that there is a high degree of variation in Word of Wisdom compliance. On February 27, 1833, the Lord revealed which foods should we eat and which substances must be avoided. See John A. Widtsoe and Leah D. Widtsoe, The Word of Wisdom: A Modern Interpretation (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1950). If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy, 1 Cor. Flesh Is to Be Used Sparingly “The Word of Wisdom is not a system of vegetarianism. 10:9. By 1770, per capita consumption of distilled spirits alone—to say nothing of beer or cider—stood at 3.7 gallons per year.10, The American Revolution only exacerbated this reliance on alcohol. The scene in the School of the Prophets would have been enough to give any non-tobacco user like Joseph Smith cause for concern.6 Joseph’s wife, Emma, told him that the environment concerned her. This is not to say that all health proposals of the time relied on elaborate argumentation. In the 18th century, coffee was considered a luxury item, and British-manufactured tea was much preferred. In the words of one authority, alcohol “stupefies their feelings, benumbs their moral sensibilities, weakens the powers of digestion, and in course brings on dispepsia, than which a more formidable disease hardly afflicts the human race” (“On Drunkenness,” Connecticut Herald, Feb. 21, 1826, 1). Church Manuals (part of the correlated curriculum produced officially by the LDS Church) “We must obey the Word of Wisdom to be worthy to enter the temple. Clearly, meat is permitted [see D&C 42:18]. 6 (Fall 1991), 17–19; Peter C. Mancall, “‘The Art of Getting Drunk’ in Colonial Massachusetts,” Reviews in American History, vol. The “Word of Wisdom” is a law of health revealed by the Lord for our physical and spiritual benefit. See Harper, Making Sense of the Doctrine and Covenants, 328. 3 (June 1, 1842), 800. ed. See, for example, Samuel Underhill’s propositions in Mark Lyman Staker, Hearken, O Ye People: The Historical Setting for Joseph Smith’s Ohio Revelations (Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2009), 110. The Word of Wisdom way to weight loss is to embrace the foods the Lord has ordained for our maximum health: the whole foods at the top of the calorie density chart. Really interesting facts about the science behind Word of Wisdom counsel. She may have complained of being asked to perform this thankless task, but there was also a more practical consideration: “She could not make the floor look decent,” Brigham Young recalled.7 The stains were impossible to get out. Brigham Young, Discourse, December 2, 1867; February 8, 1868, Papers of George D. Watt, shorthand transcribed by LaJean Purcell Carruth, Church History Library, Salt Lake City. See Lester E. Bush Jr., “The Word of Wisdom in Early Nineteenth-Century Perspective,” Dialogue, vol. They took a more moderate approach to milder alcoholic beverages like beer and “pure wine of the grape of the vine, of your own make.”16 For the next two generations, Latter-day Saint leaders taught the Word of Wisdom as a command from God, but they tolerated a variety of viewpoints on how strictly the commandment should be observed. Latest. The brethren did not have to be told what the words meant. Such concerns are unwarranted. President Grant clearly taught the revelation as a commandment, not as a guideline or a suggestion. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints recently released a statement regarding its stance on the use of vaping or e-cigarettes, coffee-based products, marijuana, and opioids. Many faiths have dietary laws, and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is one of them. See “Revelation, 27 February 1833 [D&C 89],” in Sidney Gilbert, Notebook, 113, josephsmithpapers.org; punctuation standardized; see also Doctrine and Covenants 89:8. A capital “T” was written next to the names of those who did so, and from this the word “teetotaler” was derived. I am indebted to Andy Hedges for drawing this source to my attention. A candidate for baptism or admittance to an LDS temple must agree to abide by the faith's Word of Wisdom, a health code that bars the use of these substances. The revelation invites hearers to trust in a God who has the power to deliver great rewards, spiritual and physical, in return for obedience to divine command. Grain farmers in western Pennsylvania and Tennessee found it cheaper to manufacture whiskey than to ship and sell perishable grains. The answer was unequivocal: “Tobacco is not for man but is for bruises & all sick cattle; to be used with judgement & skill.”8, Tobacco was just one of a host of substances pertaining to bodily health and cleanliness whose merits were hotly debated on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean at the time the Word of Wisdom was received. Eat the foods at the bottom part of the chart sparingly, if at all. In 1921, observance of the Word of Wisdom became a requirement for admission to the temple. For other ways the Word of Wisdom may have departed from accepted wisdom, see Steven C. Harper, Making Sense of the Doctrine and Covenants: A Guided Tour through Modern Revelations (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2008), 332–33. See W. J. Rorabaugh, The Alcoholic Republic: An American Tradition (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979), 25–57; W. J. Rorabaugh, “Alcohol in America,” OAH Magazine of History, vol. Members of the organization were encouraged to sign a temperance pledge not just to moderate their alcohol intake but to abstain altogether. By the mid-1830s, the ATS had grown to well over a million members, many of them teetotalers.13, Encouraged by the ATS, local temperance societies popped up by the thousands across the U.S. countryside. Alcohol was consumed at virtually every meal, in part because the unpurified water of the time was so unhealthy. For a published version of the latter sermon, see Brigham Young, “Remarks,” Deseret News: Semi-Weekly, Feb. 25, 1868, 2. 24:9. Zebedee Coltrin reminiscence, in Salt Lake School of the Prophets, Minutes, Oct. 3 1883, Church History Library, Salt Lake City. Jean Birrell (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press and Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, 1988); Richard L. Bushman and Claudia L. Bushman, “The Early History of Cleanliness in America,” Journal of American History, vol. The Word of Wisdom is part of the church’s gospel that pertains to physical health, including topics such as the use of prescription and illegal … Wine is a mocker, and strong drink is raging, Prov. Discussion was so frequent because abuse was so widespread. 3:16–17. and exp. It is also the name of a health code based on this scripture, practiced most strictly by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and Mormon fundamentalists, and to a lesser extent, some other Latter Day Saint denominations. On the tightening up of Word of Wisdom observance, see Thomas G. Alexander, Mormonism in Transition: A History of the Latter-day Saints, 1890–1930 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986), 258–71; Paul H. Peterson and Ronald W. Walker, “Brigham Young’s Word of Wisdom Legacy,” BYU Studies, vol. 42, nos. Insofar as temperance reform made people less dependent on addictive substances, prompting humility and righteous action, the movement surely was inspired by God. He and Emma lived in the Whitney store, and the task of scrubbing the spittle from the hardwood fell upon her. The Lord revealed to Joseph Smith which types of foods to eat and which to avoid, along with a promise of temporal and spiritual blessings for obeying the Word of Wisdom. “Hot drinks”—which Latter-day Saints understood to mean coffee and tea19—“are not for the body, or belly,” the revelation explained (see D&C 89:9). See “Revelation, 27 February 1833 [D&C 89],” in Sidney Gilbert, Notebook, 113. In a recent article in Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, John Ferguson, Jana Riess, and I share results from the 2016 Next Mormons Survey regarding observance of the Word of Wisdom among self-identified American Mormons. The strategy worked. The Church’s “Doubling Down” on the Word of Wisdom Could it be that the speculation of the possibility that coffee and tea was soon to be made kosher (so to speak) in Mormonism cause the leadership some angst. Soon after receiving the Word of Wisdom, Joseph Smith appeared before the elders of the School of the Prophets and read the revelation to them. Strong drink, the revelation says simply, is “not good.” Similarly spare explanations are given for the injunctions against tobacco and hot drinks.25 The revelation can be understood more as an arbiter and less as a participant in the cultural debate. 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